New Members Since last UpdateDr. Hong Chen (IL), Director, U.S.-Asia Executive Development Program, UIC
On October 30, OCC called a press conference and forum presenting the view on the proposed unification law and a rebuttal to Mr. Kwang-Ming Koo's one full-page advertisement in The New York Times and Washington Post, on October 4, which urges reconsideration of the one China principle. A number of journals attended the press conference. News about the event was published in quite a few Chinese newspapers in the Mid-West.Secretary of State Powell statements on Taiwan
On October 20, in an interview with the Far Eastern Economic Review ahead of an Asian visit just days before the American presidential election, Secretary of State Colin L. Powell repeated U.S. opposition to any move by Taiwan toward independence. Asked if he was carrying any assurances to China on Taiwan beyond reiteration of Washington's one-China policy, Powell said: "No, our one-China policy has served all of our interests very, very well for a very, very long period of time."
On October 25, In an interview with Anthony Yuen of Phoenix TV in Beijing, Secretary Powell stated "our policy is clear. There is only one China. Taiwan is not independent. It does not enjoy sovereignty as a nation, and that remains our policy, our firm policy. And it is a policy that has allowed Taiwan to develop a very vibrant democratic system, a market economic system and provided great benefits to the people of Taiwan. And that is why we think it is a policy that should be respected and should remain in force and will remain in force, on the American side, it is our policy that clearly rests on Three Communiqués. To repeat it one more time: we do not support an independence movement in Taiwan."U.S. has no obligation to defend Taiwan
U.S. Department of State released December 20 the transcript of an interview of Charlie Rose with Deputy Secretary Richard L. Armitage on PBS on December 10 has a section on Taiwan.
In response to a question about defending Taiwan, Deputy Secretary Armitage said that "[w}e have the requirement with the Taiwan Relations Act to keep sufficient force in the Pacific to be able to deter attack; we are not required to defend. And these are questions that actually reside with the U.S. Congress, who has to declare an act of war. But I think we have to manage this question appropriately. We all agree that there is but one China, and Taiwan is part of China. We are guided in our own relationship with China by three communiqués, which have been negotiated by successive Administrations, and the Taiwan Relations Act. And successive Administrations since the time of normalization in 1979 have been able to carry forth, develop relations with China and maintain good relations with the people of Taiwan. We'll have to continue that way. It's not easy. "
The statement is in sharp contrast to Deputy Assistant Secretary for East Asia and Pacific Affairs Randall G. Schriver's testimony in Congress on February 7. Mr. Schriver said: "although the United States does not have a defense treaty with Taiwan, it has obligations to help Taiwan in self- defense under the Taiwan Relations Act, the U.S. law that regulates relations with Taiwan in the absence of diplomatic ties. The Taiwan Relations Act not only talks about providing weapons for sufficient self-defense, there's two other operative elements: one, we have an obligation to maintain the capacity to resist force if asked to do so; and number two, if there is a threat to the people on Taiwan, the president would consult with Congress to determine appropriate action," Schriver said, adding: "That's not a defense treaty, but there are some very important obligations there."Taiwan' attempt to change name has no U.S. support
At the daily press briefing of the State Department on December 6 in Washington, D.C., the Taiwan government's attempt to change their official name of ROC to Taiwan was questioned. Adam Ereli, Deputy Spokesman give the U.S. position on the question. He said: "There are reports of a number of sort of impending name changes. Our view on that is that, frankly, we're not supportive of them. As you know, the United States has an interest in maintaining stability in the Taiwan Strait. That's what we want to see, and we are therefore opposed to any unilateral steps that would change the status quo." He further stated "These changes of terminology for government-controlled enterprises or economic and cultural offices abroad, in our view, would appear to unilaterally change Taiwan's status, and for that reason we're not supportive of them."Press conference and forum on de-Chinese December 11
A press conference and forum on Taiwan's de-Chinese was held at the Chicago Chinatown Public Library on December 11. Participants who include Prof. In-lan Wang, Mr. Zhong-yin, Mr. David Hou, Dr. Peter Shih-lung Chu, Mr. Jian Wang, Mr. P.M. Chang, Mr. Jack Hsiao, Mr. Wenbin Zhang, Mr. Tao Lou, and many others all denounced Taiwan government's de-Chinese activities, including distortion of Chinese geography and history, replacement of mandarin, reduction to the mininium of studies on Chinese classics, and discrimination against mainland Chinese in Taiwan. Prof. Yu-hau Wei made concluding remarks and also called for issuing a statement denouncing Taiwan government's de-Chinese attempt. Tze-chung Li considered Taiwan's de-Chinese activities tantamount to racial, cultural, and linguistic genocide, an international crime.
At the beginning of the conference, Prof. Edward Ho led everyone in a moment of silence in memory of the death of Iris Chang who authored Rape of Nanking.
The press conference and forum was sponsored by the One China Committee, Mid-West Association for Preserving the History of WWII in Asia, and the Mid-West American Chinese Academic Organizations.