The One China Committee was formed by a group of Americans and Americans of Chinese descent on October 18, 2003 as a not-for-profit, non-partisan organization registered in the State of Illinois. The Committee supports one China and peaceful unification of China. Our focus is to enhance the understanding of the American public that Taiwan is an integral part of China and it should not be separated from China as an independent nation. Below are One China Committee statement and goals.
Taiwan is an integral part of China. The Cairo Declaration of 1943 explicitly stated that Formosa (Taiwan) should be restored to China. It was reiterated at Potsdam in 1945 and was accepted in Japan's surrender instrument on September 2, 1945. Article IV of the Treaty of Peace between China and Japan of 1952 provides "all treaties, conventions and agreements concluded before December 9, 1941 between China and Japan have become null and void as a consequence of the war." Taiwan was ceded to Japan by China in 1895 by the Treaty of Shimonoseki. As stated in the Peace Treaty, the Treaty of Shimonoseki became null and void. Accordingly, Taiwan had been returned to China as a matter of course.
The present status of Taiwan regime which occupies a tiny part of Chinese territory is the result of continuation of civil war between the Communists and the Nationalists. There are two political entities, but not two Chinas.
According to the Shanghai Communique of 1972, reaffirmed in 1979, "[t]he United States acknowledges that all Chinese on either side of the Taiwan Strait maintain there is but one China and that Taiwan is a part of China. The United States Government does not challenge that position." The 1982 Communique further elaborates "that the United States of America recognized the Government of the People's Republic of China as the sole legal Government of China, and it acknowledged the Chinese position that there is but one China and Taiwan is part of China."
The Taiwan Relations Act of 1979 provides: "It is the policy of the United States. . . to preserve and promote extensive, close, and friendly commercial, cultural, and other relations between the people of the United States and the people in Taiwan. . . to provide Taiwan with arms of a defensive character . . . to maintain the capacity of the United States to resist any resort to force or other forms of coercion that would jeopardize the security, or the social or economic system, of the people on Taiwan." Though with good intention, the Act is unprecedented in international arena and a deviation of international law.
Our goal is to reaffirm the principle of one China, support peaceful settlement between the government in Taiwan and the Chinese government, oppose intervention in China's domestic affairs, and promote constructive and friendly relations between the Chinese people on both sides of the Taiwan Strait and between them and the people of the United States of America.